MedGizmo - MedGizmo Overview: Healthcare Wearables and Augmented/Virtual Reality
22.11.2015, 09:56   MedGizmo

MedGizmo Overview: Healthcare Wearables and Augmented/Virtual Reality

Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) technology is coming into our life at really fast pace. The span of applications is tremendous. Business uses AR/VR at exponential rate, same is for mass media. Sure enough the trend is exploited by Healthcare. In this post, we provide some recent updates and overview of medical applications.

These recent events sparkled a lot of interest:
There is a good Web resource that aggregates latest AR/VR developments:
Virtual Reality Global News. The Community Propelling The Virtual Reality Evolution

What about Healthcare?
VR/AR in Healthcare relates to a computer-simulated environment that creates sensory experiences, stimulate presence in remote or simulated locations. Initially VR/AR were applied to the planning of surgeries, but with technology development the focus has shifted to use of data fusion. In many cases the technology provides for a shared virtual environment for multiple professionals – that results in shared decision making for actual surgical intervention or for a rehearsal of various types of treatments. According to experts, applications of virtual reality in surgery can be divided into three areas: virtual humans for training, the fusion of virtual humans with real humans for performing surgery, and virtual telemedicine.
Other basic areas include: psychiatric, training, medical practice, alternate therapy. 
A lot of success was achieved in treatment of depression and PTSD, surgery simulation, phobia treatment, robotic surgery.
However, VR/AR technology is on a rather expensive side – thus it is available in very limited parts of the world, mostly in developed countries. Other complications in implementation include inadequate training of medical practitioners, lack of awareness among the patients.

We suggest to watch this (a bit long – 43 mins) Rock Health video
Virtual Reality: Just What the Doctor Ordered? // Rock Health Summit 2015
Virtual reality has transformed the way we think of and create new worlds, but it also allows us to explore the inner-most workings of the human body. We'll discuss the very real implications virtual reality is having on healthcare—from how we study biological structures to how we administer care.
Hear from UCSF's Adam Gazzaley, Next Galaxy Founder & President Mary Spio, and TechCrunch's Sarah Buhr.

And here are some latest developments

Arch Virtual develops 3D applications to explore Medical Environments in Virtual Reality – for Oculus Rift, Google Cardboard, GearVR, and HTC Vive

Portable Virtual Reality Rehab For Stroke Victims

MindMaze, a spinoff from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, has brought together some of the leading minds working in neuroscience today to help patients recover from strokes and other brain injuries. The company’s head-mounted displays allow patients to "escape the hospital for a while," as Pierre-Emmanuel Meyer says, immersing them in a virtual world with the help of a motion-tracking system. This allows stroke patients to carry out their rehabilitation from the comfort of their own home
Device Improves Neuroplasticity for Quicker Recovery. An apparatus for the rehabilitation of stroke victims is conquering hospitals. It is being tested in particular by the CHUV hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland and soon by the Stanford Stroke Center in the United States

The Cure - Treating Bipolar Disorder With Virtual Reality & The Good Doctor

How researchers are using gaming technology to revolutionise the way we treat mental disorders; How one doctor's inspirational leadership has made free, top-class public healthcare a reality in Pakistan.

Choose a VirtaMed medical simulator, the most realistic virtual reality simulation currently available on the market
In 2013, ARMS approached VirtaMed, seeking an experienced partner in virtual reality simulation. The goal was to establish “Learning through action” as a completely new approach to clinician education, thus enhancing patient safety. The result of the collaboration is the ARMS PelvicSim™ IUC module. It provides training for both new and experienced clinicians on all FDA-approved IUC devices, including Skyla®, Mirena®, and ParaGard®. In addition, hysteroscopic procedures and sterilization training can be conducted on the same pelvic model, combined with the latest simulation technology.

The University of Southern California Institute for Creative Technologies (ICT) -  Virtual Patient project uses virtual human technology to create realistic lifelike character avatars and uses speech recognition, natural language, non-verbal behavior and realistic scenarios for both military and non-military issues to train clinicians in interpersonal areas such as rapport, interviewing and diagnosis

The works on vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) provide new tools to treat persons living with vestibular conditions through the use of virtual reality

Virtual reality rooms where "avatar" doctors and nurses bark instructions and vital signs while students operate on mannequins
. A mannequin will be on a gurney, and a student will wear a headset while "performing" surgery. The virtual anesthesiologist and nurse will call out the vital signs of a patient who will undergo emergencies that require the student to take action. A wrong decision, and the "patient" could go into cardiac arrest; a correct one will improve his condition.

Transforming virtual reality into life-saving technology
Anita Balakrishnan    18 Nov 2015

Welcome To Brain Science's Next Frontier: Virtual Reality

And today’s announcement:

First-in-Man Use of Virtual Reality Imaging in Cardiac Cath Lab to Treat Blocked Coronary Artery
Virtual reality device successfully used to guide recanalization of right coronary artery, reports
the Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Official press-release
Cardiologists from the Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland were able to successfully restore blood flow in the occluded right coronary artery of a 49-year-old male patient assisted by CTA projections in a wearable VR device based on Google Glass, with an optical head-mounted display. The display of three-dimensional computed tomographic reconstructions in a mobile application equipped with a hands-free voice recognition system and a zoom function, developed specifically for this purpose by a team of physicists from the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling of the University of Warsaw, enabled the physician-operators to clearly visualize the distal coronary vessel and verify the direction of the guide wire advancement relative to the course of the blocked vessel segment. The procedure was completed successfully with implantation of two drug-eluting stents.
Some other news stories on the subject:
Google Glass helps cardiologists complete difficult coronary artery blockage surgery
November 20, 2015
Virtual Reality Imaging in Cardiac Cath Lab to Treat Blocked Coronary Artery

22.11.2015, 09:56   MedGizmo
Image by MedGizmo
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