MedGizmo - MedGizmo Blockchain in Healthcare – September 2017 Update - II Applications
02.10.2017, 22:09   MedGizmo

MedGizmo Blockchain in Healthcare – September 2017 Update - II Applications

We continue to list major news stories that we handpicked for our MedGizmo Twitter Feed in September.  In the first part we provided links to news of more general character, while in this post we look at September developments in various countries and latest updates on Healthcare Blockchain applications.
Estonia

e-Estonia: Estonian blockchain technology .pdf 
- In order to keep health information completely secure and at the same time accessible to authorized individuals, the electronic ID-card system used by the Estonian e-Health Record uses blockchain technology to ensure data integrity and mitigate internal threats to the data. In this way every occurrence of data use and misuse is detectable and major damages to a person’s health can be prevented (such as the wrong medicine or the wrong dose).

Russian Federation

COINTELEGRAPH: Russian Ministry Partners With VEB to Pilot Blockchain Project
- Russia’s Ministry of Health has partnered with state-owned bank Vnesheconombank (VEB) for the development of a Blockchain technology-based system to be used in exchanging patient history in the healthcare industry.

South Africa

South African Medical Research Council: Blockchain as enabler for public mHealth solutions in South Africa .pdf - a scoping review was used to determine the current state of research on blockchain in mHealth towards supporting the argument that blockchain provides a security infrastructure that is capable of addressing most situations where transactions between two parties need to be recorded securely and irrefutably. This study is
confined to the study of the current state and limitations of security infrastructure in public mHealth applications only, excluding personal health and private health applications.

USA

CoinDesk: Illinois Launches Blockchain Pilot to Digitize  Birth Certificates
- The state of Illinois has begun work on a new blockchain pilot focused on the digitization of birth certificates. Working with blockchain identity startup Evernym, the tools being designed would, if put into production, allow parents and doctors present at the time of birth to officially log the birth on a permissioned blockchain.
HealthITAnalytics: Illinois Aims to Put Baby First Health Data on Blockchain -The pilot, conducted in partnership with Evernym, will experiment with creating “verifiable claims” or attributes for newborns, including legal name, date of birth, and blood type, all of which will be cryptographically secured into the individual’s identity.

Now, let us have a look at major stories about Healthcare Blockchain applications

Maritime Executive: Engineers Not Ready for Blockchain
- there is significant confusion around the understanding of what blockchain technology is which could have serious implications for business. Part of this stems from the terminology, with many people using the ‘blockchain’ term as a catch all for a range of system technologies. Additionally, there is no “one size fits all” solution. Many engineering systems are not 100 percent digital, and blockchain technologies need to be adapted to cater for industries with physical, as well as digital components.

techUK: What Will Healthcare Systems Powered By Blockchain Tech Look Like?
-  For those worried about big data in healthcare it is important to note that sensitive information, like personal healthcare data, is generally not stored on the blockchain itself but instead companies are creating blockchain-based systems to allow users to reference and find out where that particular piece of healthcare information is stored. This could be applied to improving the way medical professionals and hospitals share clinical data or to scientific researchers wanting to segment and sort reams of genomic data or even to patients themselves wanting to take charge of their own healthcare records.

Freed Associates: Innovative Blockchain Uses in HealthCare WhitePaper .pdf
- This white paper summarizes several use cases for employing blockchain technology in five key data-driven areas: Longitudinal health care records; Automated health claims adjudication; Interoperability; Online patient access;  Supply chain management

Business Insider: The growing list of applications and use cases of blockchain technology in business & life
- Health data that's suitable for blockchain would include general information like age, gender, and potentially basic medical history data like immunization history or vital signs. None of this should be able to identify any particular patient, which is what allows it to be stored on a shared blockchain that can be accessed by numerous individuals without undue privacy concerns.

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: Blockchain technologies for biomedical & healthcare applications
- The covered topics include: (1) introduction to the famous Bitcoin crypto-currency and the underlying blockchain technology; (2) features of blockchain; (3) review of alternative blockchain technologies; (4) emerging nonfinancial distributed ledger technologies and applications; (5) benefits of blockchain for biomedical/health care applications when compared to traditional distributed databases; (6) overview of the latest biomedical/health care applications of blockchain technologies; and (7) discussion of the potential challenges and proposed solutions of adopting blockchain technologies in biomedical/health care domains.

HIPAA Journal: Benefits of Using Blockchain for Medical Records
- Blockchain has potential to make it far easier for patients to access their healthcare records. Rather than submitting a request for copies of their health data with several different healthcare providers, one request could be submitted and their full healthcare record could be accessed. Currently, that process can be complicated, time-consuming, and potentially costly for the patient, since each provider is permitted under HIPAA to charge a fee for providing copies of data.

Healthcare IT News: Why blockchain could transform the very nature of EHRs
- Blockchain is not meant to wipe out existing legacy systems, but if deployed wisely, the technology could underpin an array of new innovations that could help reduce costs, enable efficiency, protect privacy and spur interoperability and much more. The potentials for blockchain and blockchain-like tools – decentralized, transparent, verifiable, secure and private – are everywhere.

New big future: Blockchain Medical Records and other Healthcare Blockchain Use Cases
-There different use blockchain healthcare use cases.
Blockchain for electronic medical records; Blockchain for Medicaid applicants; Blockchain for payments; Blockchain to enhance secure mobile and remote distribution system innovations; Blockchain for pharmacy tracking and tracing. Here are some interesting healthcare related blockchain companies.

Coin Telegraph: How Decentralized Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Change Medicine, Explained
- n the world of medicine, there are projects, like Neuron, that have developed several interesting products in beta: Onboarding Module with Computer Vision; Blood Test Decoder; Genomics Test Decoder; Medicine Decoder

The Dark Intelligence Group: Blockchain Technology Could Impact How Clinical Laboratories and Pathology Groups Exchange Lab Test Data
-  At clinical laboratories, blockchain could enable nearly instantaneous verification of a patient’s health insurance at time of service. Blockchain also could enable doctors to review a patient’s medical laboratory test results in real-time, even when multiple labs are involved in a person’s care.

FORTUNE: Big Pharma Turns to Blockchain to Track Meds
- MediLedger Project is creating blockchain tools to manage pharmaceutical supply chains. If the project meets its goals, everyone from drug makers to wholesalers to hospitals will be recording drug deliveries on a blockchain. What this means in practice is that, at each step of the distribution process, a network of computers will vouch for the provenance and authenticity of a drug shipment—making it harder for thieves to unload stolen medications, or for counterfeiters to introduce fake wares.

FORBES: Betting On Blockchain As A Miracle Cure For The $78 Billion Opioid Crisis
- Of all the industry supply chains, pharmaceuticals is among the most strategic, and there’s no further proof of that than the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA). Under this mandate, all drugs delivered to patients must have a traceable technology element – it could be a two-dimensional barcode or something electronic. It’s easy to see blockchain’s potential fit. It’s ideally suited to open industrial-size black boxes like global supply chains.

Journal Of The International Society For Telemedicine And eHealth: Blockchain for Consent Management in eHealth Environment  - Most will have heard about Blockchain because of its most known application - Bitcoin - in the payment area. However, Blockchain’s characteristics make it possible to fulfill the requirements of consent management, as illustrated in an  implementation within a health domain use case. 

BioMed Central: Blockchain technology for improving clinical research quality
- Blockchain allows for reaching a substantial level of historicity and inviolability of data for the whole document flow in a clinical trial. Hence, it ensures traceability, prevents a posteriori reconstruction and allows for securely automating the clinical trial through what are called Smart Contracts. At the same time, the technology ensures fine-grained control of the data, its security and its shareable parameters, for a single patient or group of patients or clinical trial stakeholders. In this commentary article, we explore the core functionalities of Blockchain applied to clinical trials and we illustrate concretely its general principle in the context of consent to a trial protocol

Reinsurance Group of America: Electronic Health Records: Is Blockchain a Good Fit?
- Up to this point, providers have exchanged health data via one (or more) of these three models: Push, Pull, View. Blockchain offers a fourth model – one which has the potential to enable secure lifetime medical record-sharing across providers. Several InsurTech startups and incubators are already investigating how to use blockchain technology to secure, store, and access medical data, both for underwriters and healthcare providers.
02.10.2017, 22:09   MedGizmo
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