MedGizmo - Implantable Wearables: Overview
06.11.2015, 20:23   Various

Implantable Wearables: Overview

There is much talk going on about Implantable Wearables. Many ideas are centered on nano technologies and their ability to transfer data – informing doctors how the prescribed medications are working. It is also contemplated that internal body devices can exchange information with external smart gadgets. Here, we present some reference links to Implantable Wearables, that were recently mentioned by experts and introduced by vendors and developers.

The 2012 paper in Sensor magazine gives a good classification and description, including preferences form the patients
Wearable and Implantable Sensors: The Patient’s Perspective Jeroen H .M.Bergmann , Vikesh Chandaria and Alison McGrego

Another SENSORS paper reviews the current development and key issues on implantable multi-sensor devices for in vivo theranostics (a combination of diagnostics and therapy) and suggests some new solutions
Design of a Customized Multipurpose Nano-Enabled Implantable System for In-Vivo Theranostics
Esteve Juanola-Feliu, Pere Ll. Miribel-Català, Cristina Páez Avilés, Jordi Colomer-Farrarons, Manel González-Piñero and Josep Samitier
Sensors 2014, 14(10), 19275-19306; doi:10.3390/s141019275
 

Center for Sensorimotor Neural Engineering (CSNE) University of Washington (lead institution) produced this document:
Forging neural pathways: Engineering the interface between brains and technology
CSNE researchers  design neural interfaces integrated with external control devices. Information can then be used to develop hierarchical, non-linear, robust and adaptive algorithms that enable sensorimotor closed-loop, co-adaptive, bi-directional control be-tween humans and devices.


This paper describes in detail hearing aids:
Tech Advances Upgrade Hearing Aids
Five basic types of hearing aids, and which ones patients choose depends on their level of hearing impairment, their physiology and health, and their lifestyle.
  • Behind-the-ear (BTE)
  • In-the ear (ITE)
  • In-the-canal (ITC)
  • Completely-in-the-canal (CIC)
  • Bone anchored hearing aids (BAHA)
Discussed devices are:
  • The Pure hearing aid from Sivantos, a division of Siemens
  • The Insio in-the-ear hearing aid from Sivantos
  • The Lyric in-the-ear hearing aid from Phonak
  • The Ponto bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA) from Oticon

This excellent paper provides detailed information on recent advances achieved in implantable and wearable biosensors conceived for point of care applications
Wireless Integrated Biosensors for Point-of-Care Diagnostic Applications
Ebrahim Ghafar-Zadeh, Sensors 2015, 15(2), 3236-3261; doi:10.3390/s150203236


NASA provides their solution: Miniature, implantable bio-MEMS sensors
RF Telemetry System for Bio-Microelectromechanical (MEMS) Sensors and Actuators
The wireless radio frequency (RF) telemetry system technology enables fast inductive powering and data collection from im-plantable Bio-MEMS sensors through electromagnetic coupling. This technology represents a distinct improvement over the state-of-practice wired sensing approaches used in NASA's aerospace program, as well as in nonaerospace medical applications for the health monitoring in hospital or in ambulatory patients.The embedded sensor has no battery, which lengthens the operational life and reduces the risk of toxicity and tissue damage due to leakages. The wireless nature of the handheld unit . increases the efficiency of the monitoring scheme by allowing patient mobility and reliable data management/storage for analysis in real or at a later time. This innovation in implantable sensors/systems will enable smarter, easier to use medical devices that will allow physicians to monitor patients with chronic cardiovascular conditions in a fast and nonintrusive way.

This controversial video is entertaining
Mark of the Beast : Implantable Human RFID Micro-chips are in our near future (May 14, 2015)

And finally, please look at the Laurenti de' Medici’ s post at WT VOX from 10214

Top 10 Implantable Wearables Soon To Be In Your Body
Here, the author briefly looks over the following:
1. Implantable Smartphones
2. Healing Chips
3. Ingestible sensors
4. Bill Gates’ Implantable Birth Control
5. Smart Tattoos
6. Brain-computer Interface
7. Biodegradable batteries
8. Smart Dust
9. Implanted RFID chips
10. Implantable 3D Smart Organs
 
06.11.2015, 20:23   Various
Image by SENSORS
Views: 1324

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